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Rwanda Crisis and Genocide in Case Law of Rwanda Tribunal

Kantonen, Arto

Tutkielmat ja muut opiskelijakirjoitukset , Gradut ja muut tutkielmat

Tiivistelmä

Rwanda is a small, hilly country in Central Africa. Rwanda was and still is one of the poorest countries in the world. The roots of the conflict between the Hutu and the Tutsi stretch back to colonial times, when the Tutsis were favoured by the colonisers. Things changed, when Rwanda gained independence and the Hutus took power. The tension between the major groups culminated in the deadly campaign to eradicate the Tutsi population of Rwanda by the ruling Hutu government. In 1994 approximately 800,000 people perished within 100 days. The international community failed to halt the genocide in Rwanda. It stood by idle, despite alarming reports pouring into the United Nations headquarters in New York and into the capitals of its member States. Later the United Nations established the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (the ICTR or the Tribunal) to bring to justice persons responsible for the genocide.The main interest of this study is the ICTR case law on the crime of genocide. The aim is to discover how the Tribunal interprets the definition of genocide as contained in its Statute.

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