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Property and European Integration: Dimensions of Article 345 TFEULosada, Fernando – Juutilainen, Teemu – Havu, Katri – Vesala, Juha
JFT 2012/3 s. 203
Property is a key concept in determining how society is organised. Its relevance for the European integration process has been recognised since the Schuman Declaration and the Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (TECSC). Presently, Article 345 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) guarantees that the Treaties shall in no way prejudice the rules in Member States governing the system of property ownership. Article 345 TFEU, however, leaves fundamental questions unanswered. For example, does it establish a division of competences between the European Union (EU) and the Member States? If so, what competences does it concern and how are they divided? Is it to be interpreted differently in different contexts? Does it affect the prospects for developing a European property law or other property-related law at EU level? Here, Article 345 TFEU is examined from four viewpoints. Section 2 explores Article 345 TFEU in the light of the early stages of European integration and the multilingual setting of European law (Losada). Section 3 reviews interpretations of the provision with respect to unification and harmonisation efforts in the field of property law (Juutilainen). Section 4 explains the relation of the provision to competition law (Havu). Finally, section 5 examines the provision at the intersection of competition law and the law of intellectual property (Vesala).Aihealueet