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Enforcement Principles and Nordic Prison Reform 1800–2000Lappi-Seppälä, Tapio
JFT 2017/2–4 s. 426
The timing of the emergence of imprisonment as criminal sanction varies depending whether one includes facilities reserved for remand purposes, institutions used for forced labor, workhouses for vagrants, or sanctions defined as principal punishments in the criminal code. The article discusses the latter category. The article is not about explanations of imprisonment, nor is it about actual practices. It is about the aims and principles of enforcement and their evolution in Nordic legislation and
doctrine. It draws a long line from the point when corporal punishments were replaced by loss of liberty in the 1800s to comprehensive enforcement reforms in the 2000s. (Edilex-toimitus)