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Participation in international crime through omission

Bitzilekis, Nikolaos

JFT 2017/2–4 s. 267
10.10.2017
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Tiivistelmä

This paper examines the crimes of omission in international criminal law. Article 28 ICC-Statute lays down the unique criminal liability for omissions in case of a hierarchical superior (military commander or civilian superior) and for failure to prevent a crime perpetrated by his subordinate. This particular type of responsibility by crime, covering, therefore, criminal liability of a superior for any international crime committed by his subordinates. On the contrary, regarding the “improper” crime of omission the ICC Statute lacks a provision defining if and when liability for this kind of omission arises. Therefore, the question of international criminal liability by omission remains disputable in case of crimes committed by non-subordinates. Can international crimes also be committed by omission, by failure to take action? Is any other criminal liability by omission except this of superior responsibility recognized by the ICC-Statute? (Edilex-toimitus)

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