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The Foetal State of International Surrogancy Framework

Roslin, Waltter

Helsinki Law Review 2017/2 s. 72
2.10.2017
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Tiivistelmä

Assisted reproduction technologies have been in the public eye for multiple decades now, with surrogacy as the new frontier. With the increasing success rate of gestational surrogacy that a rising number of infertile couples (or individuals) have turned towards surrogacy as a method of procreation. However, as most states currently either limit or completely ban the practice, there is a vast disproportionality in the availability of treatment. This has led to an increase of reproductive tourism, where couples from a prohibitionist state travel to a pro-surrogacy destination in order to contract a surrogate. With the lack of any specific international cooperation in surrogacy, most international surrogacy arrangements bring forth complex legal problems, from the parentage of the child to recognising foreign court orders as well as the protection of women and children. Due to the global connectivity and information sharing of the Internet, cross-border surrogacy is believed to have increased, however, no general statistics exist concerning surrogacy. Yet, various national statistics can be utilised to demonstrate this current trend, for instance, observing the UK national statistics on parental orders, portrays an annual increase of surrogacy. (Edilex-toimitus)

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